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Eigenvalues for vector inputs..?

Hi everyone,

I have two vectors of experimental data which I believe are linearly related (within a close tolerance). I would like to determine the linear coefficients [m,b] that transform vector A to vector B:

vB = m .* vA + b

This is a classic eigenvalue problem, isn't it? I checked out the MATLAB documentation for function eig(), but eig() requires two square matrices as input. I'm not seeing how to recast my problem.

Here's a simple example:

```>>vA = rand(10,1);
>>vB = (1.5 .* vB) + 0.5;
```

What function of vA & vB returns [0.5,1.5], or [1.5,0.5] ..?

Products

Answer by Star Strider on 19 Aug 2012

The reason eig wants two square matrices is that it calculates the similarity transformation matrix that maps one matrix from one coordinate system (set of bases) to another. You might be able to do that if you set your vectors up as companion-form matrices, but I doubt that would be of any real benefit.

In your application, you seem to me to have a simple linear transformation between two vectors (not matrices) that is most appropriate to polyfit:

```        vA = rand(10,1)
vB = vA*pi + exp(1)
B = polyfit(vA, vB, 1)```
```B =
```
`       3.1416e+000     2.7183e+000`

There are many other functions that will do this, but the core MATLAB function polyfit is the simplest.